Understand identity processes today.

 

Cartography

In his presentation of unconscious psychic mechanisms in the early twentieth century, Freud argues that the person is largely constructed by identifying with others, and internalizing them as models or landmarks. By rejection or mere statement of difference - each person discovers and constructs throughout life, that "I" that it is, juggling between self-ideal and plural identifications. By seeking to make the desired characteristics of these other admirers, or to stand out.

More recently, Albert Bandura in his Social Cognitive Theory (1986) also advances the important role of observing the behaviors and strategies of others, in learning and developing one's own motivations, behaviors, emotions, and mechanisms. personal effectiveness ". These psychological processes all take a certain time, and the construction of identity is done in a linear time in the theories of the twentieth century. 

Nowadays, change is no longer part of life but has become, by its accelerated pace, the bedrock of life itself.

Zygmunt Bauman described the postmodern life as "liquid" by its fluid nature and the constant transformation of its contours. In this context, we no longer have the time to observe and internalize a model or strategy considered as ideal, that the situation has already changed. The chosen model is out of date and the identification and learning processes are interrupted. All in a hurried mourning of this perspective of evolution that was built for oneself. For some, a difficulty in following the pace of these successive adaptations provokes or amplifies identity hardening or the adoption of "ready-to-think" ideologies of comfort. The more liberties and options succeed and change, and the more the immobile postures multiply and reinforce each other. They resist the change or even attack it to defend themselves from this constant abundance which anguish, because threat any certainty. 

Exercise is expensive in psychic, emotional, physical energy. 

The discovery of neuro-plasticity and the functioning of "mirror neurons" sheds light today on the potential for brain change. By discovering that it is malleable to its organicity, the space of evolutionary possibilities suddenly becomes infinitely larger. Postmodernity thus signs the paradigm shift of type like "people do not change", towards rather the active search for a "self-controlled change" (Bandura) consciously, and not undergone. This individual movement also concerns collective models, re-questioning our group identities, cultural, social, and even species. 

So, who has not noticed that the man - animal relationship for example is in the middle of a reshuffle?

Fluid and radical, with a potential for total transformation, global identities have often not been anticipated in the classical models of psychology, sociology or anthropology, developed before the advent of the Internet. Today, the continuous flow of information from around the world causes a destructuration of psychic space-time and forces us to rethink paradigms. 

Our position is to contextualize the therapist's posture and the framework of the accompaniment to the historical, social, economic, political realities that we all live from our singular bodies and minds. The therapist - patient tuning takes into account these multiple dimensions. The neutrality of the therapist is built from the ability to navigate transferential and counter-transferential movements at all these levels. Thus, we are in a contemporary ethno-psychological approach in the sense of Georges Devereux, and complex. au sens d’Edgar Morin. 

More concretely, our positioning as a collective is an integral part of our way of working, in order to remain in a dynamic approach / posture.

 

Parwa MOUNOUSSAMY

Nadia ESSAADI

 

For further...

  • Freud, S. Psychologie des masses et analyse du moi (1921), Puf, coll. Quadrige Grands textes, 2010, 
  • Bauman, Z.La Vie liquideLe Rouergue/Chambon, 2006
  • Devereux, G. De l’angoisse a la méthode dans les sciences du comportement. Paris, Flammarion, 1980 [1967 pour l’édition originale en anglais] rééd. poche, Paris, Flammarion, 1999, coll. « Champs »,
  • Carré, P. Bandura : une psychologie pour le XXIe siècle ? Savoirs, hors série (5), 9-50. doi:10.3917/savo.hs01.0009, 2004
  • Morin, E. Introduction à la pensée complexe, Paris, ESF, 1990. Nouvelle édition : Le Seuil, coll. Points 2005.

 

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